The purpose of this conceptual research is to determine the process of science formation and evolution. The method adopted in this study is based on the documentary analysis. The research community included texts and researches related to the field of "Science", "Research" and "Technology". The scientific documents were selected using a purposive sampling method for analysis. In this paper the three concepts of: science scope, science band, and science cycle are extracted from the findings of the reviewed materials for the first time ending in the following findings. Here the science scope consists of nine elements, the science band constitutes the space for science formation and evolution and the science cycle consists of a science network with seven categories and a science path with two procedures. The theme here is so vast that these findings may not completely meet the response to the question addressed, therefore more serious attempts should be made in this context.