The study determined the strategies for improving the teaching of cost accounting in Colleges of Education in South East Nigeria. Five research questions guided the study, while five null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population for this study was 123 comprising of 53 accounting lecturers from 3 federal universities and 70 accounting lecturers from state universities. The instrument for data collection was a structured 100-item questionnaire. The instrument was face-validated by 3 experts from the Department of Business Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka. Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument and an overall reliability index of 0.83 was obtained. The researcher with the help of five research assistants facilitated the process of data collection for the study. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for answering the research questions while t-test analysis were used for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that the teaching of cost accounting in the Colleges of Education in South East Nigeria can be improved using good instructional planning, careful selection of instructional resources among others. Hypotheses tested revealed that there was no significant difference in the mean responses of the accounting lecturers. It was recommended among others that the government through the ministry of education should organize regular workshops, seminars and on-the-job trainings on capacity building for accounting lecturers to equip them with modern accounting knowledge, skills and technique.