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Information technology is currently taking centre stage in transforming the whole world into a global village. The global economy is increasingly dependent on the creative management and distribution of information. The enormous advantage it has is the ease with which the delivery of information is being carried out around the world. This paper discussed the concept of globalization and the role of libraries as information providers in the era of globalization. It also highlights the challenges faced by the library and information service sector in developing countries and achievements over the years using modern information technology. In conclusion, professional librarians in this environment should try to embrace these new technologies through retraining, retooling and then adopt new strategies which would improve information services delivery that would meet international best practices.