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The 21st century library and information services are characterized by advancement in the use of electronic means in the accessibility, retrieval and dissemination of information. The information age is a key feature of the 21st century and there are implications as it affects the delivery of library services. Hence,the purpose of this paper is to address the issues and concerns in training and development of library personnel to prepare its citizens for the new information and communication technology of the 21st century.The approach used here is a survey of literatures that have been reviewed by scholars. The findings of this study revealed the key features and requirements of automation and computerization of library services and how library personnel in developing countries can join their counterparts in advanced countries. Also concerns in training and development of library personnel were discussed and in conclusion some recommendations were highlighted among which were;educating and orienting library staff on training and development policies, the librarians changing role, providing staff with adequate training on the new technologies in Information Communication Technology (ICT) especially library management software to enable them meet the changing trends in the profession, and providing adequate budgetary allocation for training and development of libraries in the 21st century.