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This work is on information literacy for effective utilization of information resources in academic libraries in Nigeria. Four hundred copies of questionnaire were administered to students of four academic institutions- Federal University of Technology Owerri Imo State, Imo State University, Federal Polytechnic Nekede and Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education. The result indicated that most of the students were aware of importance of information literacy although some of them could not identify some aspects of plagiarism. Practical component were not taught and use ICT in teaching was lacking. It was recommended that practical components of teaching should be included, that modern teaching methods like flipped classroom, teleconferencing etc should be used in teaching the students. There is need for training the trainers. The teaching and learning of information literacy should be improved to incorporate copyright, plagiarism and proper ways of evaluating information sources. The teaching of utilization of electronic information sources should also be enhanced to enable students make use of information resource for academic purposes and lifelong learning and to contribute their quota to national development. ICT should be applied in the teaching and learning of information literacy. There is need for guided tours, flipped instructions, video conferencing, advanced literature search, use of interactive boards and other computer aided programmes to enable the students source information with minimal help in the globalized world.