Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


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Ahmad, M. and Panda, K.C. (2013), “Awareness and use of electronic information resources by the faculty members of Indian institutes in Dubai international academic city (diac): A survey”, International Research Journal of Computer Science and Information Systems (IRJCSIS), Vol.2 No.1, pp.8-17.

Ahmed, S.M.Z. (2013), “Use of electronic resources by the faculty members in diverse public universities in Bangladesh”, The Electronic Library, Vol.31 No.3, pp.290-312. doi:10.1108/EL-05-2011-0081

Ahmed, S. and Amjad, A. (2014), “Evaluation of researchers’ satisfaction with electronic resources in two universities of Pakistan”, Library Hi Tech News, Vol.31 No.7, pp.20-25. doi:10.1108/LHTN-06-2014-0043

Ali, N. (2005), “The use of electronic resources at IIT Delhi library: A study of search behavior”, The Electronic Library, Vol.23 No.6, pp.691-700. doi:10.1108/02640470510635773

Amjad, A., Ahmed, S. and Naeem, S.B. (2013), “Use of electronic information resources among research scholars in the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan”, New Review of Academic Librarianship, Vol.19 No.3, pp.316-328. doi:10.1080/13614533.2013.829505

Anasuya, V. (2017), “Usage of electronic resources by the medical, dental and paramedical science professionals in Karnataka”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.37 No.3, pp.158-164. doi:10.14429/djlit.37.3.10270

Anil Kumar, M. and Reddy, V. Pula (2016), “Use of e-journals by research scholars in University libraries”, SRELS Journal of Information Management, Vol.53 No.3, pp.195-202. doi:10.17821/srels/2016/v53i3/73897

Ansari, M.N. and Zuberi, B.A. (2010), “Use of electronic resources among academics at the University of Karachi”, Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), paper 385. Available at:

Arshad, A. and Ameen, K. (2017), “Scholarly communication in the age of Google: Exploring academics’ use patterns of e-journals at the University of the Punjab”, The Electronic Library, Vol.35 No.1, pp.167-184. doi:10.1108/EL-09-2015-0171

Beard, J., Dale, P. and Hutchins, J. (2007), “The impact of e-resources at Bournemouth University 2004/2006”, Performance Measurement and Metrics, Vol.8 No.1, pp.7-17. doi:10.1108/14678040710748049

Bhat, I. and Mudhol, M.V. (2014), “Use of e-resources by faculty members and students of Sher-E-Kashmir Institute of Medical Science (SKIMS)”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.34 No.1, pp.28-34. doi:10.14429/djlit.34.5938

Bhat, N.A. and Ganaie, S.A. (2016), “E-resources: use and search strategies adopted by users of Dr Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry”, Collection Building, Vol.35 No.1, pp.16 - 21. doi:10.1108/CB-08-2015-0015

Bhatt, S. and Rana, M.S. (2011), “E-information usage among engineering academics in India with special reference to Rajasthan State”, Library Hi Tech, Vol.29 No.3, pp.496-511. doi:10.1108/07378831111174440

Bituka, R., Kumbar, B.D. and Hadagali, G.S. (2016), “Use of electronic information resources by the faculty members of science departments in Shivaji University, Kolhapur: A critical analysis”, Journal of Advances in Library and Information Science, Vol.5 No.2, pp.187-192.

Chirra, R. and Madhusudhan, M. (2009), “Use of electronic journals by doctoral research scholars of Goa University, India”, Library Hi Tech News, Vol.26 No.10, pp.12-15.

Dadzie, P.S. (2005), “Electronic resources: Access and usage at Asheshi University College”, Campus-Wide Information System, Vol.22 No.5, pp.290-97. doi:10.1108/10650740510632208

Haridassan, S. and Khan, M. (2009), “Impact and use of e-resources by social scientists in National Social Science Documentation Centre (NASSDOC), India”, The Electronic Library, Vol.27 No.1, pp.117-33. doi:10.1108/02640470910934632

International Coalition of Library Consortia (1998). Statement of current perspective and preferred practices for the selection and purchase of electronic information. Available at (accessed 20 Jan 2015).

Isubika, I.S. and Kavishe, G.F. (2018), “Utilisation of subscribed electronic resources by library users in Mzumbe university library, Tanzania”, Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication, Vol.67 No.1/2, pp.109-125. doi:10.1108/GKMC-09-2017-0075

Kaur, B. and Verma, R. (2009) “Use and impact of electronic journals in the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India”, The Electronic Library, Vol.27 No.4, pp.611-622. doi:10.1108/02640470910979570

Kaur, K. and Kathuria, K. (2016), “ Awareness and use of e-resources: A case study of Mohinder Singh Randhawa Punjab Agricultural University Library, Ludhiana”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.36 No.6, pp.396-404. doi:10.14429/djlit.36.6.9460

Kiran Kumar, G. and Kumbar, M. (2015), “Use of electronic information resources and search pattern by the faculty of autonomous engineering colleges in Karnataka: A survey”, SRELS Journal of Information Management, Vol.52 No.4, pp.259-266. doi:10.17821/srels/2015/v52i4/74833

Krejcie, R.V. and Morgan, D.W. (1970), “Determining sample size for research activities”, Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol.30, pp.607-610.

Nanda, A. (2017), “Use and awareness of e-journals by the faculty and research scholars of Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology: A study”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.37 No.4, pp.274-280. doi:10.14429/djlit.37.4.10871

Nikam, K. and Kumar, D. (2013), “Evaluating the effective use of electronic journals by the academia: A study”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.33 No.2, pp.125-130

Nisha, F. and Ali P.M., N. (2013), “Awareness and use of e-journals by IIT Delhi and Delhi University library users”, Collection Building, Vol.32 No.2, pp.57-64. doi:10.1108/01604951311322039

Ollé, C. and Borrego, Á. (2010), “Librarians' perceptions on the use of electronic resources at Catalan academic libraries”, New Library World, Vol.111 No.1/2, pp.46-54. doi:10.1108/03074801011015685

Qasim, J. and Khan, A.M. (2015), “Use of e-journals by the scientists of CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi, India: A study”, The Electronic Library, Vol.33 No.5, pp.928-942. doi:10.1108/EL-07-2014-0107

Rajender Kumar (2016), “Use of e-resources by medical students of M.M. University, Ambala: A case study”, DESIDOC Journal of Library and Information Technology, Vol.36 No.1, pp.10-15. doi:10.14429/djlit.36.1.8959

Rehman, S. and Ramzy, V. (2004), “Awareness and use of electronic information resources at the Health Science Centre of Kuwait University”, Library Review, Vol.53 No.3, pp.150-56. doi:10.1108/00242530410526556

Satpathy, S.K. and Rout, B. (2010), “Use of e-resources by the faculty members with special reference to CVRCE, Bhubaneswar”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.30 No.4, pp.11-16. doi:10.14429/djlit.30.4.455

Sethi, B.B. and Panda, K.C. (2011), “Use of e-resources by Life Scientists: A case study of Sambalpur University, India”, Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), paper 681. Available at:

Sharma, C., Singh, L. and Sharma, R. (2011), “Usage and acceptability of e-resources in National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) and National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), India”, The Electronic Library, Vol.29 No.6, pp.803-816. doi:10.1108/02640471111188024

Siwach, A.K. and Malik, S.K. (2018), “E-resource use by science faculty and research scholars: A case study of Panjab Unniversity, Chandigarh”, Journal of Advancements in Library Sciences, Vol.5 No.2, pp.27-35.

Siwach, A.K. and Malik, S.K. (2019), “Use of electronic resources by science faculty and researchers in selected North Indian universities”, Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), paper 2506. Available at

Sohail, Md. and Ahmad, S. (2017), “Use of electronic resources and services by faculty members and students of Fiji National University”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.37 No.3, pp.165-171. doi:10.14429/djlit.37.3.10567

Swain, D.K. and Panda, K.C. (2009), “Use of e-services by faculty members of business schools in a state of India: A study” Collection Building, Vol.28 No.3, pp.108-16. doi:10.1108/01604950910971134

Tamrakar, A.K. and Garg, R.G. (2016), “User perception towards e-resources and services of IIT-Guwahati Library”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.36 No.1, pp.40-46. doi:10.14429/djlit.36.1.9238

Thanuskodi, S. (2011), “Usage of electronic resources at Dr T.P.M. Library, Madurai Kamaraj University: A case study”, DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, Vol.31 No.6, pp.437-445. doi:10.14429/djlit.31.6.1318

Tilwani, T.D. and Satish Kumar (2007), “Information use pattern of social scientists from web-based information resources: A pilot study”, ILA Bulletin, Vol.43 No.4, pp.16-24.

Vakkari, P. and Talja, S. (2006), “Searching for electronic journal articles to support academic tasks. A case study of the use of the Finnish National Electronic Library (FinELib)”, Information Research, 12(1), paper 285. Available at:

Vasishta, S. (2014), “Use pattern of e-resources by research scholars and faculty: A survey of technical university libraries in North India” International Journal of Library and Information Studies, Vol.4 No.1, pp.1-11.

Walmiki, R.H., Ramakrishnegowda, K.C. and Prithviraj, K.R. (2010), “Awareness and use of UGC-Infonet digital library consortium by the faculty members of Karnataka state universities” Annals of Library and Information Studies, Vol.57 No.1, pp.33-43.

Wu, Ming-der and Chen, Shih-chuan (2012), “How graduate students perceive, use, and manage electronic resources”, Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives, Vol.64 No.6, pp.641-652. doi:10.1108/00012531211281779

Yamane, T. (1970), Statistics: An introductory analysis (2nd ed.), Harper and Row, New York.

Zhang, L. and Liu, P.Y.Q. (2011), “A survey of the use of electronic resources at seven universities in Wuhan, China”, Program, Vol.45 No.1, pp.67-77. doi:10.1108/00330331111107402


Purpose: The present study investigates the differences between faculty and research scholars in terms of e-resource use, methods of use, purpose, hindrances faced and search strategies.

Methodology: The study was conducted in five universities of North India using survey method. Stratified random sampling was used for selection of the samples and the final data consisted of 668 respondents including 252 faculty members and 416 research scholars. Mann Whitney test was conducted for testing of hypotheses.

Findings: In the study it was found that the faculty members used e-resources more in comparison to the research scholars. Significant differences were observed in the e-resource use, methods of use and purpose. The research scholars faced more problems in using e-resources as compared to the faculty members. Significant differences were also found between faculty and researchers in the use of keywords, Boolean operators (AND OR NOT), phrase search and wildcards and these search strategies were used more by the faculty in comparison to research scholars.

Research Implications: The results of the study are relevant to the policy makers as well as library professionals for taking the decisions in providing better library services particularly in terms of e-resources.

Originality: In the previous studies, the faculty and researchers were treated together as single unit whereas the present study deals with them separately. This study focuses on the difference between the faculty and researcher in terms of e-resource use and associated aspects.