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The study investigated Information and Communication Technology (ICT) competence and the use of electronic resources by university faculty members in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised faculty members in Al-Hikmah University and University of Ilorin. Raosoft Online Sample Size Calculator was used to calculate the sample size with precision levels of 5% and confidence level of 95% and the recommended sample size was 309. A simple random sampling technique was used to select the samples from the population. Data was collected through a research instrument titled “Information and Communication Technology Competence and the use of Electronic Resources by Faculty Members Questionnaire (ICTCERFMQ)”. Content-related approach of validation was conducted to ensure the validity of the instrument while the instrument has reliability with Cronbach’s alpha values between 0.684 and 0.813. Copies of the questionnaire were analyzed with the IBM SPSS version 21.0 using simple frequency counts and percentages. The presentations of the data for the research objectives were done using tables and pie chart. For testing of the hypothesis, Spearman Rank Order Correlation was adopted. The finding generally revealed that there is a significant relationship between ICT competence and the use of e-resources based on the type of e-resources preferred and purpose of using e-resources by faculty members in Ilorin metropolis (rs(297)= 0.132, p<0.05). Among other recommendations, the study recommended that university management should ensure that competence in ICT is a major requirement in the recruitment process.