This study assessed ergonomic issues including shelving, storage capacity, environmental conditions (illumination level, sound level, temperature, relative humidity), and fire safety. The study was conducted on nine departmental libraries of a prominent academic institution in Calcutta. Results indicate that current shelving uses nearly all available space. The illumination levels of different sections of all the libraries were much lower than that of the recommended standard illumination level. Noise level, temperature, and humidity of all the libraries were more or less on par with the recommended values. The fire safety assessment showed insufficient fire protection in all libraries.