Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version

Summer 7-24-2019


Albarran, Olmsted & Wirth. (2006). Handbook of Media Management and Economics. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Alexander et al. (2004). Media economics: Theory and practice. 3rd edition. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Asshiddiqie, J. (2006). Konstitusi dan Konstitusionalisme Indonesia [Indonesian Constitution and Constitutionalism]. Jakarta: Constitutional Court.

Chan-Olmsted. (1998). Mergers, acquisitions, and convergence: The strategic alliances of broadcasting, cable television, and telephone services. Journal of Media Economics,11(3), 33–46.

Chon et al. (2003). A Structural Analysis of Media Convergence: Cross- Industry Mergers and Acquisitions in the Information Industries. Journal of Media Economics, 16:3, 141-157, DOI: 10.1207/S15327736ME1603_1

Code of Ethics in Broadcasting/P3 SPS (Pedoman Perilaku Penyiaran dan Standar Program Siaran). (2016)

Croteau & Hoynes. (2001). The Business of Media. Corporate Media and the Public Interest. USA: Pine Forge Press.

Denzin & Lincoln. (2009). Handbook of Qualitative Research. 5th edition. USA: SAGE Publication

Dominick, Joseph R. (2009).The Dynamic of Mass Communication. International Edition. 5th Edition. New York: Mc-Graw Hill.

Dunaway, David King. (2014). The Conglomeration of Public Radio: A Tale of Three Cities. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 21:1, 177-182, DOI: 10.1080/19376529.2014.891408

Herman & Chomsky. (1998). Manufacturing Consent. The Political Economy of the Mass Media.New York: Pantheon Books.

Hidayat, D. N. (2000). Pers dalam Revolusi Mei, Runtuhnya Sebuah Hegemoni. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Hsieh, H. F., & Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277-1288.

Kitley, Philip. (2008). In court with the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission: old battles and new identities in the context of reform, The Pacific Review, 21:3, 351-367, DOI: 10.1080/09512740802134208

Knuth et al. (2013). Is it all about the price? Decision drivers affecting ad placement of media planners in magazines. Journal of Media Business Studies, 10, 3, 65–85.

Lane, King & Russell. (2009). Kleppner's Advertising Procedure. 17th Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education. Inc.

Law 32/2002 on Broadcasting.

Law 50/2005 on Private Broadcasting.

Lim, Merlyna. (2011). Democratization and Corporatization Media in Indonesia. USA: Arizona State University-Participatory Media Lab.

___________. (2012). The League of Thirteen, Media Concentration in Indonesia. United States of America: Participatory Media Lab Arizona State University.

Masduki. (2007). Regulasi Penyiaran, dari Otoriter ke Liberal.Yogyakarta: Lembaga Kajian Islam dan Sosial.

_______. (2014). Media Conglomeration and Political Intervention in the 2014-General Election of Indonesia. GSTF Journal of Media and Communication, (2)1. DOI: 10.5176/2335-6618_2.1.24

Maulana et al. (2013). 100% Great Songs, reverse positioning of Delta FM Radio, Indonesia., Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, Vol. 3 Iss 6 pp. 1 - 11

McQuail, Denis. (2010). Mass Communication Theory. 6th Edition. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Miles & Huberman. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. 2nd edition. CA: Sage, Thousand Oaks.

Mosco, Vincent. (2009). The Political Economy of Communication. 2nd edition. London: Sage Publication Ltd.

Nielsen Media Measurement Research. (2017)

_______________________________. (2018)

______________________________. (2019)

Nugroho, Muhammad & Shita. (2012). Mapping Media Policy in Indonesia. Jakarta: Center for Indonesian Policy and Governance-Ford Foundation.

Pambudi et al. (2015). Media Terpenjara, Bayang Bayang Pemilik dalam Pemberitaan Pemilu 2014.Yogyakarta: Masyarakat Peduli Media and Yayasan Tifa.

Polinsky. (2007). The Factors Affecting Radio Format Diversity After the Telecommunications Act of 1996: Ownership Concentration, Stations and Audience. Journal of Radio Studies, 14:2, 122-143

Rianto, P. (2012). Dominasi Televisi Swasta Nasional dan Krisis Keragaman Kepemilikan dan Isi Siaran. Yogyakarta: Pr2Media & Yayasan Tifa.

Ritzer, George & Goodman, Douglas. (2005). Sociological Theory Modern. USA: McGraw-Hill Companies

Rivers, Peterson & Jensen. (2008). Media Massa & Masyarakat Modern. Edisi Kedua. Translation. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

Saffran, Michael J. (2011). Effects of Local-Market Radio Ownership Concentration on Radio Localism, the Public Interest, and Listener Opinions and Use of Local Radio. Journal of Radio & Audio Media, 18:2, 281-294.

Severin, W.J, & Tankard, J.W. (2000). Communication Theories: Origins, Methods, and Uses in the Mass Media. 5th Edition. NY: Addison-Wesley Longman.

Singarimbun, K., Karlinah, S., Darwis, Y., & Hidayat, D.R. (2018). Branding is a key to going network. A case study of Prambors network. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7, 3.25, 381-385.

Sudibyo, A. (2004). Ekonomi Politik Media Penyiaran. Yogyakarta: Penerbit LKiS.

Turner. (2010). Qualitative Interview Design: A Practical Guide for Novice Investigators. The Qualitative Report, 15, 3, 754-760.

Wahyuni, Hermin Indah. (2006). Indonesian Broadcasting Policy. Media Asia, 33:3-4, 153-161, DOI: 10.1080/01296612.2006.11726827

Whitaker. (2012). Mergers & Acquisitions Integration Handbook: Helping Companies Realize the Full Value of Acquisitions.New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Zarkasi, Irwa R. (2015). Dinamika Kelompok Kepemilikan Media sebagai Proses Strukturasidalam Industri Media di Indonesia: Studi Kasus Relasi Radio Induk dan Radio Jaringan dalam Kelompok-Kepemilikan Radio Siaran Masima Radionet dan Mahaka Media. Universitas Al Azhar. (accessed on May 18, 2018, at 10.09 AM)


Even though the growth of radio networks in Indonesia has only reached number 15, these networks have branches in all major cities by transferring the ownership of local radios. Radio network is regulated but only in terms of quantity and share of ownership. Broadcast licenses are issued only for limited areas, but with the development of technology, broadcast coverage area becomes unlimited. The 2002 Indonesian Broadcasting Law No.32 manages the amount of local content percentage, and regulatory process and actions for violating local content regulations are difficult to do. The duality of regulatory authority between the Ministry of Communication and Informatics of the Republic of Indonesia and the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission causes the regulations to be very flexible, leaving gaps that tend to benefit radio owners and exclude public interests. This article investigates the extent of the implementation of the Indonesian Broadcasting Law on radio network in Indonesia. This study uses a critical paradigm to uncover the reality and criticism of the dominant system formed by a series of social, political, and economic factors. Mosco identifies the existence of relations between social agents and social practices in which structuration in the theory of political economy of the media means building relationships for the interests of the capitalists. This is reinforced by Antonio Gramsci’s concept of hegemony, stating that the authorities want to dominate profits. The discussion on networked radio in this article identifies that regulatory loopholes are used by established radio owner groups for opportunities to concentrate radio ownership nationally.

Proofreading Certificate for the article




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.