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In this study a scientometric analysis of the biotechnology research output of India during 2008-2017 was performed based on the information available in SCOPUS database. This study analyses the research output of India in biotechnology research on different parameters including the growth, global publication share and rank, contribution of major international collaborative partners and subject areas, contribution and citation impact of the most productive authors, institutions and journals. The United States ranks first in terms of number of publications, h-index and average citations per paper. A total of 5573 papers were published by India during 2008-2017, which received 80530 citations with an average of 14.45 citations per paper. Almost 48.79% publications are in the field of biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology. The most productive Indian institution in biotechnology research was Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi followed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and Vellore Institute of Technology. Top twenty most productive institutions contributed 30.50% share of total publications with an average of 85 publications per institute.