Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln



Akparobore, Daniel O. (2011) The Role of Public Libraries in Promoting Adult Education in Nigeria". Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). Paper 453. Retrieved online via

APA-Juba (2017). South Sudan has one of world's highest illiteracy rate - UNESCO. Accessed at (20/08/2019).

Aroge, S. T., & Olaniran, S. O. (2012). Appraisal of National Commission for Mass Literacy, Adult and Non-formal Education and National Directorate of Employment’s Programmes towards Lifelong Learning in Nigeria. Educational Thoughts 9 (1), 100-105.

Australian Literacy Educators’ Association (2019). Literacy in 21st Century Australia. Accessed through (26/08/2019).

Cambridge Assessment (2013) What is literacy? An investigation into definitions of English as a subject and the relationship between English, literacy and ‘being literate’. A policy document published in January by Cambridge Assessment, UK.

Canadian Council on Learning (2007) State of Learning in Canada: No Time for Complacency (Ottawa), p. 86. Available at: .

Casalina, A.. (2014). A Bridge From Misery to Hope. Accessed at (26/08/2019).

Education Development Centre (2012) What is Literacy? Online article accessed on July 17 via

Enquobahrie, A. (2004). Understanding Poverty: The Ethiopian Context. In A paper presented at The Gambia AAPAM Roundtable Conference.

Gesesew, H., Tsehaineh, B., Massa, D., Tesfay, A., Kahsay, H., & Mwanri, L. (2016). The role of social determinants on tuberculosis/HIV co-infection mortality in southwest Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study. BMC research notes, *9*(1), 89.

Gomez, B. (2017). The Main Causes of Poverty in Ethiopia. Accessed through (21/08/2019).

Lee, H. Y., Oh, J., Heo, J., Abraha, A., Perkins, J. M., Lee, J. K., & Subramanian, S. V. (2019). Association between maternal literacy and child vaccination in Ethiopia and southeastern India and the moderating role of health workers: a multilevel regression analysis of the Young Lives study. Global health action, 12(1), 1581467.

NCTE (2008) The NCTE Definition of 21st Century Literacies. An online Publication of the National Council of Teachers of English, retrieved from

Newman, L. (2018) Poor literacy levels still a concern in SA. accessed through (20/08/2019)

Olaniran, S. O. (2013). Towards meeting EFA goals by 2015: Assessment of literacy-by-radio in Nigeria. International Journal of Literacies, 19(3), 169-179.

Olaniran, S. O., Duma, M. A. N., & Nzima, D. R. (2016). Availability, access and utilization of e-resources among pre-service teacher trainees by distance. In Technology for Education (T4E). Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE Eighth International Conference on Technology for Education (pp. 232–235). New York: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Olaniran, S. O. (2017a). Pre-service teacher training in two Open and Distance Learning based universities in Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Zululand).

Olaniran, S. O., Duma, M. A. N., & Nzima, D. R. (2017b). Assessing the Utilization Level of E-Learning Resources among ODL Based Pre-Service Teacher Trainees. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 15(5), 384-394.

Olaniran, S. O. (2018a). Balancing africanisation with community education: implication for achieving the SDG 11: sustainable cities and communities. Gender and Behaviour, 16(3), 12143-12151.

Olaniran, S. O. (2018b). Almajiri education: Policy and practice to meet the learning needs of the nomadic population in Nigeria. International Review of Education, 64(1), 111-126.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (1997), Literacy Skills for the Knowledge Society: Further Results of the International Adult Literacy Survey (Ottawa and Paris), p. 14.

UNESCO Education Position Paper (2004). The plurality of literacy and the implications of its policies and programs, p.13. Accessed at (26/08/2019).

UNESCO (2010) Harnessing the power and potential of adult learning and education for a viable future United Nations; Millennium Development Goal 2; accessed 12 June 2015 at

UNESCO (2014) Public Library Manifesto. An Online Publication retrieved on 02/12/ via

UNESCO (2019). *UNESCO investing in literacy teachers in South Sudan. Accessed at (20/08/2019).

Rainbow for the Future (2019). Poverty in Ethiopia. Accessed through (21/08/2019)

SDG Compass (2019). SDG 4. Accessed at (21/08/2019)

Tabiedi, S. B. (2004). Chapter 5: Women, Literacy, and Environmental Adult Education in Sudan. *Counterpoints, 230, 71-84.

Vanguard (2018). 38% of Nigerians are illiterates. Accessed through (20/08/2019)

World Literacy Foundation (2012). The Economic and Social Cost of Illiteracy. A 2012 Report from the World Literacy Foundation

World Atlas (2017). The Least Literate States Of Africa Accessed through (22/08/2019).


Literacy and library are like Siamese twins that cannot be separated. Society draw literacy skills from the libraries the same way an individual draws from his memory to meet his immediate information needs. Examined in this paper is the relevance of literacy library to the functional literacy need of the 21st Century adult learners. Literacy library is conceptualised as a special library provision targeted at adult members of the society who have enrolled or willing to enrol in a learning programme. Key features of Literacy library are outlined, followed by brief description of specific materials relevant to the 21st century learning engagement of adult. Few studies on public library have focused on addressing problems facing adult learners in accessing library services. This paper recognised the fundamental role Literacy libraries can play in confronting the exclusion of adult learners in library provision and also provided useful insights to the peculiar nature of their literacy needs in their given context.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.