Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln



Adhami, A. (2004). Overview of Models of Information Seeking Behavior and Information Seeking Behavior on Web. Journal of Library Message(3-4), 43-51.

Bowers, S. L. (2010). Library anxiety of law students: A study utilizing the multidimensional library anxiety scale. Doctor of Philosophy University of Denver. (161)

Chowdhury, S., & Gibb, F. (2009). Relationship among activities and problems causing uncertainty in information seeking and retrieval. Journal of Documentation, 65(3), 470-499.

Collins, K. M., & Veal, R. E. (2004). Off-campus adult learners' levels of library anxiety as a predictor of attitudes toward the Internet. Library & Information Science Research, 26(1), 5-14.

Erfanmanesh, M. A. (2011). Validity and Reliability of Information Seeking Anxiety Scale. Library and Information Sciences, 14(4), 115-140.

Erfanmanesh, M. A. (2012). Studying Information Seeking Anxiety of Postgraduate Students: A Case Study of Iranian Students in Malaysia. Journal of Library and Information Sciences Research, 2(2), 53-72.

Erfanmanesh, M. A., Abrizah, A., & Noor Harun, A. K. (2013). Information seeking anxiety: Concept, measurement and preliminary research. International Journal of Information Science and Management (IJISM), 12(1), 47-64.

Erfanmanesh, M. A., Didehghah, F., & Mohammadi, M. (2013). Library Anxiety among Students of the Faculty of Education and Psychology Based on their Contextual Characteristics. Journal of National Studies on Librarianship and Information Organization, 24(4), 42-61.

Fathollahi, A. A. (2005). Analysis of Validity, Reliability and Norm-Finding of Sternberg and Wagner's Thinking Styles Questionnaire for Heads of Higher Education Institutes in Tehran. Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch.

Ghasemin, A. H., & Sangari, M. (2013). Analysis of Relationship between Thinking Styles and the Information Seeking Behavior among Postgraduate Students at Fundamental School and Humanistics School at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. . Journal of Library and Information Sciences Research, 3(1), 167-190.

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Hosseini, E., & Erfanmanesh, M. A. (2104). Anxiety Factors in Information Seeking Process. Journal of Human Information Interaction, 1(3), 216-224.

Jahanshahi, N., & EbrahimiGhavam, S. (2006). Comparative Analysis of Relationship between Thinking Styles and Age, Gender, Major and Grade among Primary, Secondary and High School Teachers. . Journal of Psychology and Education Sciences, 2(5), 37-58.

Jokar, B. (2006). Relationship between Thinking Styles and Identity Styles. Journal of Psychology and Education Sciences, 1(1), 69-78.

Kashi, Z. (2015). Role of Librarians of Information Services and Information Literacy postgraduate Students at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in Reducing the Information Seeking Anxiety. Master Thesis, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.

Kazu, I. Y. (2009). The effect of learning styles on education and the teaching process. Journal of Social Sciences, 5(2), 85-94.

Kuhlthau, C. C. (1991). Inside the search process: Information seeking from the user's perspective. Journal of the American society for information science, 42(5), 361-371.

Kwon, N. (2008). A mixed-methods investigation of the relationship between critical thinking and library anxiety among undergraduate students in their information search process. College & research libraries, 69(2), 117-131.

Lee, C. I., & Tsai, F. Y. (2004). Internet project‐based learning environment: the effects of thinking styles on learning transfer. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 20(1), 31-39.

Mai, J.-E. (2016). Looking for information: A survey of research on information seeking, needs, and behavior: Emerald Group Publishing.

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Omran, A. I. B. (2001). Library anxiety and internet anxiety among graduate students of a major research university: University of Pittsburgh.

Powell, T. J., & Enright, S. J. (2015). Anxiety and stress management: Routledge.

Rieucau, G., & Giraldeau, L.-A. (2011). Exploring the costs and benefits of social information use: an appraisal of current experimental evidence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366(1567), 949-957.


Sternberg, R. J. (1997). Thinking Styles: Cambridge University Press.

Sternberg, R. J., & Zhang, L.-f. (2014). Perspectives on thinking, learning, and cognitive styles: Routledge.

Turcotte, J., York, C., Irving, J., Scholl, R. M., & Pingree, R. J. (2015). News recommendations from social media opinion leaders: Effects on media trust and information seeking. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 20(5), 520-535.

Wilson, T. D. (2000). Human information behavior. Informing science, 3(2), 49-56.

Zhang, L.-f. (2009). Anxiety and thinking styles. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(4), 347-351.

Zhang, L. f., & Sternberg, R. J. (2002). Thinking styles and teachers' characteristics. international Journal of Psychology, 37(1), 3-12.


Objective: The purpose of the present research was to investigate the information seeking anxiety of postgraduate students its relationship with the thinking styles.

Methodology: This applied research was conducted through survey-descriptive method. The research population included 315 postgraduate students at The School of Allied Medial Sciences of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. The research samples consisted of 173 postgraduate students studying during 2015-2016 academic years. The research instrument was a questionnaire of information seeking anxiety and the thinking styles.

Findings: The results showed that the extent of information seeking anxiety among most of the students was at the average level. There was a significant difference between both genders in relation with the anxiety barriers related to information resources, and anxiety barriers related to the computer and Internet. The hierarchical thinking style had the highest GPA of 19.23 while the internal thinking style had the lowest GPA of 15.8 which made this style to be in the 12th rank. There was a negative significant relationship between the judiciary thinking style and the information seeking anxiety (p=0.02, r=-0.16). There was a positive significant correlation between the local thinking with the information seeking anxiety (p=0.02, r=-0.17), between the conservative thinking style and information seeking anxiety (p=0.001, r=0.31), and between the monarchic thinking style and the information seeking anxiety (p=0.01, r=0.18).There was a significant difference between various majors in terms of the barriers related to the computer and Internet (p=0.001, t=4.24), barriers related to the library (p=0.001, t=3.17) and the total information seeking anxiety (p=0.02, t=2.36).

Conclusion: It is a need to revisit the librarie's conducts and the information resources .The students had to identify the factors in the information seeking anxiety and their thinking styles so that they could reduce the extent of their information seeking anxiety.



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