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There is a growing interest of studying technology implementation, acceptance, and adoption as there are a lot of new innovations regarding potential technologies that can be implemented in information institutions. This study tries to explore the application of theories and models of acceptance models in library and information science research. This study employs a systematic literature review to discuss the historical development of theories and models of technological acceptance and their potential use in the library and information science research. Models and theories of acceptance models have been continuously developed to accommodate reasons explaining users would accept and adopt new systems and technologies. Through this study, we understand that the technology acceptance models and theories are useful to understand how users perceive the new technology and information systems. Through acceptance models and theories, we can formulate reasons the tendency towards either acceptance or rejection of new systems and technologies. Acceptance models and theories are highly relevant in information science to understand issues of the acceptance of the new technologies and systems in information institutions.