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The paper examines the challenges in the implementation of Open source library management software in academic libraries in Nigeria using the experience of Kano University of Science and Technology, Library. The case study provides an account of the level of implementation of the NewGenLib library management software, which the library has adopted in the operations of the library, the challenges to the effective implementation of the software in the library as well as the strategies for the effective implementation of the software in the library. Qualitative data was gathered from structured interviews with the University Librarian as well as the heads of departments of the library. Findings reveal that the need for effective and adequate dissemination of information to the library users; the desire to ease the work of the library staff and the desire to allow users gain easy access to information material, pushed the library to adopt newer technologies in order to accommodate growing patron demands. Presently the software has only been implemented in the cataloguing and classification operations of the library. The challenges affecting the implementation of the software in the library include lack of funds, technical expertise, power failure and poor ICT infrastructure. Proper planning, prior feasibility studies, training of staff are recommended for any library planning to adopt and implement any ILMS successfully.