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University libraries in Kenya are increasingly relying on e-books for current and up-to-date information. These are also more affordable as they are acquired in bulk through Kenya Library and Information Services Consortium (KLISC). This study was intent on identifying ways in which undergraduate students in public universities in Kenya interact with the e-books. Data was collected in four public universities using mixed methods approach. A survey questionnaire was distributed to 300 third year undergraduate students, while interview schedules were used to guide four undergraduate students’ focus group discussions, interviews with 20 lecturers and 12 library staff. It was found that undergraduate students were largely unskilled in use of e-books; undergraduate students were dependent on reference groups for motivation to use e-books; and e-books qualities made them more favorable over print resources. Recommendations made include awareness creation for reference groups, enhanced library staff capacities, and lecturer involvement. This article is part of a more elaborate study whose findings will enable packaging and delivery of e-books in formats that ensure sustained enhanced use.