Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


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Adar, E., Teevan, J., Dumais, S. T., & Elsas, J. L. (2009). The Web Changes Everything : Understanding the Dynamics of Web Content. Second ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining. Bercelona.

Gomes, D., Miranda, J., & Costa, M. (2011). A Survey on Web Archiving Initiatives. 408–420.

Hackett, S., & Parmanto, B. (2005). A longitudinal evaluation of accessibility : higher education web sites. 15(3), 281–294.

Kim, S. J., & Lee, S. H. (2005). An Empirical Study on the Change of Web Pages g. 632–642.

Koehler, W. (2002). Web Page Change and Persistence — A Four-Year Longitudinal Study. 53(2), 162–171.

Lim, L., Wang, M., Padmanabhan, S., Vitter, J. S., & Agarwal, R. (2001). Characterizing Web Document Change. 133–134.

Murphy, J., & Connor, P. O. (2008). Take Me Back : Validating the Wayback Machine. 13(Cmc), 60–75.

Web archiving. Accessed on 20/03/2020


Web content is an important source for education and research. At present it is a mandatory requirement for higher learning institutes of India to present information on their institutional home page. Due to dynamic nature of web content and increase use of emerging technology, the new ways of presenting information on higher education web sites become complex. In this paper, we try to study the changes in web content during last decade in first 20 NIRF ranking institute. The Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine has been used to get the web site update dates and the content of archived web pages.