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Date of this Version

2020

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction. The study examines the tacit knowledge sharing (KS) practices among lecturers in the University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. It explored the presence of tacit knowledge sharing culture, KS processes, factors affecting the sharing of tacit knowledge, how the University supports the sharing of tacit knowledge, and the challenges of tacit knowledge sharing.

Method. Case study research design was used. The population composed academic staff in the University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Data was collected from thirty-one purposively selected lecturers using an interview schedule. Responses were audio recorded, transcribed and analysed using Nvivo 12.

Results. There is a culture of sharing knowledge generally among the lecturers. They share tacit knowledge through personal interactions, discussions and especially during seminars. The identified factors that positively affect their sharing of tacit knowledge are: communication, lecturers’ willingness to share tacit knowledge, existence of cordial relationship, availability of constant electricity in offices and University environment and a platform for older lecturers to mentor younger ones.

Conclusions. The study concludes that minimal sharing of tacit knowledge is practiced among lecturers in the University of Ibadan especially in informal settings through close interactions. Lecturers possess tacit knowledge that they have acquired from their experiences and they are aware of the importance of sharing such knowledge, but the absence of some necessitating factors like reward, organisation policy on tacit knowledge sharing, suitable environment and factors like competition amongst lecturers, makes sharing difficult. Provision of a fora to share tacit knowledge, presence of a reward system and enabling environment is recommended.

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