Wireless Sensor Network is a network of wireless sensor nodes that are capable of sensing information from their surroundings and transmit the sensed information to data collection point known as a base station. Applications of wireless sensor networks are large in number and forest fire detection, landslide monitoring, etc. are few applications to note. The research challenges in wireless sensor networks is the transmission of data from the sensor node to the base station in an energy-efficient manner and network life prolongation. Cluster-based routing techniques are extensively adopted to address this research challenge. Researchers have used different metaheuristic and soft computing techniques for designing such energy-efficient routing techniques. In the literature, a lot of survey article on cluster-based routing methods are available, but there is no bibliometric analysis conducted so far. Hence in this research article, bibliometric study with the focus on the firefly algorithm and its applications in wireless sensor network is undertaken. The purpose of this article is to explore the nature of research conducted concerning to authors, the connection between keywords, the importance of journals and scope for further research in soft computing based clustered routing methods. A detailed bibliometric analysis is carried out by collecting the details of published articles from the Scopus database. In this article, the collected data is articulated in terms of yearly document statistics, key affiliations of authors, contributing geographical locations, subject area statistics, author-keyword mapping, and many more essential aspects of bibliometric analysis. The conducted study helped in understanding that there is a vast scope for the research community to perform research work concerning firefly algorithm applications in the field of wireless sensor networks.