A study examined astronomy research performance from 2010 to 2019 by conducting in the following paper. The results are study based on the objectives of the Astronomy research. Scientometric analysis of collected data has been downloaded from the Web of Science database, a total of 6905 bibliography records. The highest number of publications 861 (12.47%) in the year 2018, It is found the degree of author collaboration in astronomy ranges from 0.66 to 0.78 during the period from 2010 to 2019. The maximum annual growth rate of 0.14 was found during 2011 with 582 publications. In the mean of a degree of collaboration where C=degree of collaboration 0.71. Average citations per paper and h-index it reveals that Katz U with 38 articles the most productive author contributing the USA is the world’s major contribution in the field of astronomy research has contributed 2554 (36.99%) with number one rank. The above mentioned points are deeply analyzed.