Safety and security are substantial issues for all kinds of libraries in the present time. It is an ever-evolving subject that should be discussed coherently.
This paper attempts to scrutinize security challenges faced by two major funded university libraries in India, i.e., Maulana Azad Library, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Central Library, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. It looks at the measures adopted by these libraries to ensure their collection's safety and explores the reasons and methods of theft, mutilation, and misplacement of the library collection. The survey research method was employed. Two separate questionnaires were used to collect data from the librarians and clientele of the above-said universities. Random Sampling was used to collect data from the library users.
The result of the analysis revealed that, like other libraries, these two libraries are not entirely free from the threat of stealing, marring, and misplacement of their collection. It is also discovered that the percentage of mutilation of library documents is high in both libraries compared to theft. Users adopt various methods for stealing library documents. Some suggestions are also proffered to eradicate theft and mutilation, like providing multiple copies of books, installation of RFID and Biometrics.