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The very purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic analysis of the doctoral research works produced by Indian Universities in the discipline of Sociology during the period from 2004 to 2017. The study is based on the secondary data, compiled from the authentic Indian data source on doctoral research known as “University News”. It aims to find out the developmental trends of Sociology research, the productivity of states, universities, and supervisors as well as languages and gender-wise productivity of Sociology doctoral research. It also aims to find out the most frequently occurred key words and the research areas associated with these keywords through a qualitative analysis of the titles of the research works done in the discipline. The study revealed that in all, 1333 doctoral degrees were awarded from 104 universities, guided by 676 supervisors. Delhi, the National Capital Territory of India proved its research competence by emerging as a leading destination of Sociology research in India. Similarly, at the institution level, Jawaharlal Nehru University (Delhi) found to be the prominent institution that awarded the maximum number of doctoral degrees (200) among the universities. A K Pandey (University of Lucknow) and Anand Kumar (JNU) are the most prolific supervisors who have guided to a maximum of 19 scholars each during the period of study. Research works on ‘Women’ focused on aspects like, ‘social presence’, ‘profession’, ‘empowerment’, ‘health’, ‘crime’, ‘education’, and other related issues on different communities are found to be the Indian scholars' most favoured research areas in sociology.