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This study aimed to analyse the problems facing college libraries in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. For conducting this research study, the researcher adopted a mixed-method research design. A literature-based questionnaire was administered amongst the 221 professional librarians serving in college libraries, in which 186 librarians responded to the questionnaire. The response rate of the study was 84%. To obtain in-depth information, qualitative research was conducted. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted of the 15 senior librarians and M. Phil and Ph. D Scholars (librarians). The interview data was further analyzed thematically. The results revealed that the majority of college libraries faced a number of issues and challenges, such as lack of ICT tools, human resources, information resources, and financial resources, absence of a library committee, shortage of library tools (i.e., DDC set, AACR II/RDA, Sears List of Subject Heading), unfavorable book write-off policy, book theft, lack of a separate building and physical facilities, the non-cooperative attitude of the higher authorities. These problems need to be resolved to enable the college libraries to play an effective role in the teaching and learning process.