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This study tried to identify environmentally sustainable practices essential for library environmental sustainability within academic libraries in Uttar Pradesh, India. Within the scope of this study, considered only four central universities' libraries of Uttar Pradesh, the researcher used a descriptive method and a questionnaire used as a data collection tool from library staff. Within the study, the scope sent an online questionnaire to 30 library staff across four central universities of Uttar Pradesh. Only 22 library staff responded to the survey questionnaire. A structured questionnaire was designed as a survey instrument consisting of six main sections; building design features, water conservation, energy efficiency/conservation, waste management, sustainable collection development, sustainable technology. Finally, the obtained data were tabulated for analysis. Results of this study reveal that central university libraries are fulfilling some criteria. This study suggests that it is necessary to understand the importance of environmental sustainability practices by library staff because this understanding can help motivate them to implement sustainable practices in their libraries for environmental sustainability. Further, there may be a scope to think and work on that practices are not being implemented yet to transform their libraries as green libraries or environmentally sustainable libraries and become a role model for others. This study will also help to know the role of professionals towards environmental sustainability.