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This study investigated the availability and use of electronic databases by scientists in agricultural research institutes in North Central Nigeria. The study was guided by four research questions and one hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The instruments used were a self-designed closed ended structured questionnaire and an observation checklist. The population of the study was 430, the whole of which was adopted. Findings from the study revealed that there were electronic databases with adequate resources, which were moderately used with positive effect on the research scientists of the agricultural research institutes in terms of research productivity. The findings show that there is significant relationship between availability of electronic databases and their use by scientists in agricultural research Institutes at 0.05 level of significance (r =0.644; p > 0.05). Low power supply and lack of subscription were some of the constraints in the use of the electronic databases. Based on the findings the study recommended that management of agricultural research institutes should make efforts to provide adequate agricultural Electronic databases, should organise sensitisation programmes on the availability of agricultural database, provision of adequate internet bandwidth, alternative power supply and agricultural research institute should as a matter of necessity constantly subscribe to relevant databases.