Understanding the factors that motivate library staff helps to improve job performance and accelerate service delivery in the library. The paper revealed motivational methods that guarantee increasing productivity of staff, engagement and potential maximization. The study reviewed the concept of job performance, effect of motivation on job performance, motivational approaches, theories of motivation and job performance. Various training and development programmes as motivational tools were also identified. It was concluded that motivational practices should not be taken for granted as library staff tend to perform effectively when they are motivated by the management.