Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


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This research was funded by PNBP of Unesa at Fiscal Year 2021 based on the contract number B/37639/UN38.9/LK.04.00/2021.


By utilising the online information of Covid-19 from e-resources including the national library and online information, the development of literacy and numeracy item test called PISA-Cosains (science context of Covid-19) was carried out. The process was oriented to the PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) science framework that has been carried out to produce an instrument product that is valid and practical. The method used in this study is the Research and Development method. The analysis in this study uses Rasch's Item Response Theory (IRT) model. The development process utilises e-resources from national library and online portal of Indonesian government. Based on the theoretical validation, the results showed that the questions developed were valid. The practicality of the questions can be known through the results of questionnaire analysis of the test takers at the trial stage. The results of the practicality questionnaire show that this question belongs to the practical category. The results of quantitative analysis through field test trials show a significant influence from the application of the PISA model question instrument to the improvement of scientific literacy and numeracy skills of junior high school students obtained. However, the level of separation is still relatively low. It indicates that the items are less sensitive to cover the entire continuum of all respondents. Furthermore, when viewed from the item, most of them are fit and have a pretty good point measure correlation.