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The study looked at the impact of library technology on the academic performance of Nigerian university distance education undergraduates. A descriptive survey design was used in this investigation. The study was based on two research topics. The survey included 698 participants from Nigeria's recognized universities. Because the study's population size can be controlled, there was no need for sampling. The data collection instrument was a 39-item structured questionnaire produced by the researchers titled: Library technology on Academic Performance of Distance Education Questionnaire (TAPDEQ). Three specialists from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka's Faculty of Education verified the instrument. The instrument's internal consistency was determined using Cronbach Alpha for reliability analysis, yielding a coefficient of 0.84. To address the study questions, the data was analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The study's findings revealed that poor or slow internet connectivity, low ICT penetration, a lack of knowledge and skills in designing and delivering courses in electronic format, and a lack of training opportunities for undergraduates on each library technology tool used in teaching and learning are among the factors that hinder contemporary library technology's impact on academic performance of distance education undergraduates in universities. The study's findings also revealed the advantages of modern library technology on academic performance of distance education undergraduates in universities, such as the ability to monitor and support undergraduate activity, provide communication for facilitators and adult learners, protect data and allow for data recovery, improve communication with learning content, and promote active learning and authentic assessment, among other things. Based on the findings of the study, it was suggested, among other things, that a university environment be built in order to provide the benefits of distant education to all regions of the country, particularly to the most remote portions of the population.