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This study aimed at examining the management of school libraries and utilization of library resources by secondary school students in Rivers State. The researchers adopted survey design for the study. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study is 12210 comprising 12200 students and 10 teacher librarians from 10 selected secondary schools in Rivers State. A sample of 387 was drawn from the entire population using Taro Yamene statistics while proportionate sampling technique was used to determine the number of instruments that will be distributed in each of the schools. The instruments for data collection were two rating scales modified on four-point Likert scale of measurement. Reliability coefficients of 0.81 and 0.86 were obtained for Students’ Utilization of Library Resources Scale (SULRS) and Management of School Library Scale (MSLS) respectively using Cronbach alpha technique. Mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while, t-test of significance were used to test the hypotheses. Findings showed that, the management of school libraries in the schools studied is not significantly done above average rating; and the measure of students’ utilization of school library resources in the schools studied is not also significantly above average rating. The researchers therefore recommended an improved application of planning strategies and engagement of qualified staff to man school libraries, so as to ensure availability of adequate information resources and enhanced use of school library.