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This study investigates the awareness and use of intellectual freedom policy in academic libraries in Ilorin metropolis. To accomplish its objectives, it raises four research questions while its scope is restricted to academic libraries within Ilorin metropolis. It uses descriptive survey research method to examine eleven academic libraries in Ilorin metropolis. Out of 195 staff of the selected academic libraries, 55 staff are purposively sampled as respondents among the academic librarians and staff of acquisition department of the selected academic libraries. Questionnaire titled “Awareness and Use of Intellectual Freedom Policy in Academic Libraries” is designed to obtain data from the academic librarians and staff of acquisition department of the libraries. The findings reveal that the respondents are aware of intellectual freedom, intellectual freedom is somewhat important to collection development of the academic libraries and also show that intellectual freedom concerns freedom of expression, access to information, confidentiality and privacy, while censorship and internet filtering are the major challenge to intellectual freedom in academic libraries.