This study investigated the use of school library resources in enhancing Childhood education in primary schools in Idemili South Local Government Area Anambra State, Nigeria. Five research questions guided the study. A structured questionnaire and observation checklist were the instrument used in collecting data. The Descriptive survey design was used. The population of the study comprised of some selected primary schools in Idemili South local government area which according to the data collected from the state Ministry of Education, Awka. The simple random sampling technique was used to draw out the sample of five (5) primary schools from the target population of forty-five primary schools. Data collected were analyzed using mean scores. The findings revealed that textbook, newspapers, novels and magazines are the library resources available in enhancing Childhood education in primary schools in Idemili South. Also that pupils and teachers use the library resources for education purpose, information and reading purpose. The study found out that lack of professional librarians, poor orientation about library use, and lack of current reading materials were the problems that hinders effective use of school library resources. Based on the findings, the study concluded that the availability of the school library resources is the key to effective and efficient use of the school library Resources. The study recommended that professional librarians should be appointed, proper training should be given to school librarians on how to guide the library users make use of up to date reading materials that have been provided for use.