Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version

Summer 2-7-2023

Document Type



This study investigated the levels of job satisfaction among para-professionals in academic libraries in Bauchi State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population of the study consist all the 250 paraprofessionals in the six academic libraries in Bauchi State. The entire population was used without sampling. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire titled “Levels of Job Satisfaction among Para-Professionals in Academic Libraries Questionnaire” (LOJSPALQ). This instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha which yielded an overall co-efficient value of 0.78. Mean score and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The null hypotheses were tested using independent samples t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that male para-professionals were satisfied with their job as regards staff development than their female counterpart; the findings also revealed that there is no significant difference in the mean response of male and female para-professionals on their level of job satisfaction based on staff development and promotional opportunities in academic libraries in Bauchi State. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended among others that the universities, polytechnics and colleges of education management should endeavor to provide a level playing ground for equal opportunities between male and female para-professionals staff by ensuring that basic needs for academic excellence are provided for all, irrespective of gender, and the management should develop and sustain policies that will enhance parameters of job satisfaction.