Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version

Winter 4-19-2023


This study investigated the determinants of job satisfaction among male & female para-professional librarians in academic libraries in Gombe State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population of the study consist all the 187 paraprofessionals in the five academic libraries in Gombe State. The entire population was used without sampling. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. This instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha which yielded an overall co-efficient value of 0.79. Mean score and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The null hypotheses were tested using independent samples t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that male para-professionals were satisfied with their job as regards staff development while their female counterpart are not; the findings also revealed that there is no significant difference in the mean response of male and female para-professional librarians on their level of job satisfaction based on reward system and promotional opportunities in academic libraries in Gombe State. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended among others that the management of academic libraries in Gombe State should develop and sustain policies that will enhance factors of job satisfaction, such as: staff development, promotional opportunities and reward system so that they can discharge better services to library users, in order to enhance productivity of the staff and achieved the institutional objectives. The board of academic libraries should also endeavor to provide a level playing ground for equal opportunities between male and female para-professional librarians by ensuring that basic needs for academic excellence are provided for all, irrespective of gender, and the management should develop and sustain policies that will enhance parameters of job satisfaction.