Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


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The study was conducted to investigate the causes and measures for overcoming pre-retirement anxiety among Academic Librarians in the Federal Universities of the Northwest Geo-Political zone of Nigeria. The research employed mixed methodology (quantitative and qualitative approach) based on the pragmatic school of thought using a sequential explanatory research design. The population of the study comprised two hundred and ten (210) academic librarians and nine (9) pension desk Officers of the Universities under study. Three types of data collection instruments, questionnaire, interview, and content analysis were used. The general reliability score of all items is .837. The quantitative data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for both descriptive and inferential statistics. The qualitative data were coded, interpreted, and reported in thematic analysis. The findings of the study revealed that the causes of pre-retirement anxiety among academic librarians are inadequate saving behaviors, challenges in adjusting to a new lifestyle, inadequate planning for retirement, total dependence on present salary, and inadequate information on retirement. The finding also revealed some measures for overcoming pre-retirement anxiety to include, among others, acquiring one or more relevant skills for resource material management in preparation for retirement and provision of counseling. The study discovered that there is no significant difference between the levels of pre-retirement anxiety and age. Similarly, there is no significant difference between the level of pre-retirement anxiety of males and females. A proposed framework for overcoming pre-retirement anxiety was developed based on the study findings. The recommendations include; the Federal government through the universities management should provide security to employees in terms of finance, health, social and environmental to address the major causes of pre-retirement anxiety.