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Preserving a nation's traditional and cultural heritage is imperative to transcending generations. Manuscripts and rare collections serve as invaluable windows into the past, allowing us to connect with our ancestors, understand our roots, and appreciate the rich tapestry of our cultural diversity. In this ever-changing world, exploring innovative approaches to conserve, digitize, and promote access to these treasures for the benefit of present and future generations is crucial. Libraries must preserve these rare collections, which are essential for future generations. This paper mainly focuses on the important deterioration factors for paper objects and book materials. It provides various methods, tools, and techniques for conserving manuscripts and rare collections in libraries. In conclusion, this study recommends the essential skills and competencies that Library and Information Science (LIS) professionals should possess. These competencies are vital for preserving and restoring manuscripts and rare materials, ensuring their usability for future generations, thus contributing to preserving a nation's cultural heritage.