Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln


Date of this Version



Sabbatical report, released May 29, 2011.

341 pages.

Copyright 2011 Charles Bernholz.


In 1870, the Five Civilized and other tribes within the Indian Territory initiated a series of council meetings to deal with seven federal stipulations presented at Fort Smith in 1865 and with new treaties established in 1866. One development was the so-called December 1870 Okmulgee Constitution, fashioned in the Creek capital, that provided a model for a new full-fledged Indian state to replace the Territory. Various versions of the text of that document (and of a revised rendition) were published, as part of the official and unofficial record of the sequence of proceedings. This study examined fourteen variants of that Okmulgee Constitution, in terms of the documents‘ provenance and of their variability as quantified through the application of Levenshtein‘s edit distance algorithm.

Okmulgee Constitution Table I - Digital Commons.xls (34 kB)
Table I A&B, Excel format

Okmulgee Constitution Table II - Digital Commons.xls (1364 kB)
Table II A&B, Excel format

Okmulgee Constitution Table III - Digital Commons.xls (113 kB)
Table III A&B, Excel format