Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version

Fall 12-3-2014


Corey M Kruse, "Heat Transfer Enhancement and Applications of Femtosecond Laser Processed Surfaces" (Dec 3, 2014). MS thesis, University of Nebraska - Lincoln.


A THESIS Presented to the Faculty of The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science, Major: Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Under the Supervision of Professor Sidy Ndao and Professor George Gogos. Lincoln, Nebraska: December, 2014

Copyright (c) 2014 Corey M. Kruse.

This work was published in three different journal articles. These references are listed below

Kruse, C., Anderson, T., Wilson, C., Zuhlke, C., Alexander, D., Gogos, G., Ndao, S., “Extraordinary Shifts of the Leidenfrost Temperature from Multiscale Micro/Nanostructured Surfaces," Langmuir, 29 (31), pp 9798–9806, 2013

Kruse, C., Wilson, C., Anderson, T., Zuhlke, C., Alexander, D., Gogos, G., Ndao, S., “Enhanced Pool-Boiling Heat Transfer and Critical Heat Flux on Femtosecond Laser Processed Stainless Steel Surfaces ,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2014

Kruse, C., Somanas, I., Anderson, T., Wilson, C., Zuhlke, C., Alexander, D., Gogos, G., Ndao, S., “Self-Propelled Droplets on Heated Surfaces with Angled Self-Assembled Micro/Nanostructures,” Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 2014


In the present work, functionalized 304 stainless steel metallic surfaces were created with the use of a Femtosecond Laser Surface Processing (FLSP) technique. The laser processing technique produces self-organized micro/nanostructures on the surface. The heat transfer performance of various FLSP functionalized surfaces were characterized through pool boiling and Leidenfrost experiments. Enhancement in both the nucleate and film boiling heat transfer were observed through an increase of the critical heat flux and heat transfer coefficient as well as shifts in the Leidenfrost temperature respectively. For both experiments, a polished reference sample was used as a baseline line to compare against the functionalized metallic surfaces. Using deionized water as the working fluid, a maximum critical heat flux of 142 W/cm2 and a maximum heat transfer coefficient of 67,400 W/m2-K were found for the processed samples compared to 91 W/cm2 and 23,000 Wm2-K for the polished sample. The Leidenfrost temperatures on the FLSP and polished surfaces were experimentally determined using the droplet lifetime technique. Extraordinary shifts in the Leidenfrost temperatures as high as 175 °C were recorded for a laser processed surface relative to a polished reference sample. Enhancement of the film boiling heat transfer was also observed as water droplets were found to evaporate up to 33% faster on processed surfaces compared to polished surfaces. Enhancement of both the film boiling and nucleate boiling heat transfer is attributed to increased wettability and capillary wicking of the FLSP surfaces. Besides excellent two-phase thermal transport properties, self-propelled liquid droplets on heated angled FLSP surface microstructures were also achieved. Experiments are carried out to characterize the dynamics and mechanisms of self-propelled liquid droplets on angled FLSP surface microstructures. It was found that the droplet motion direction on angled FLSP surfaces is opposite of that for a surface with conventional ratchet microstructures reported in the literature. A new mechanism for a self-propelled droplet on asymmetric three dimensional self-assembled microstructured surfaces is proposed.