Date of this Version
United States Patent Patent No.:US 9 , 812 , 660 B2
Systems and methods for perovskite single crystal growth include using a low temperature solution process that employs a temperature gradient in a perovskite solution in a container , also including at least one small perovskite single crystal , and a substrate in the solution upon which substrate a perovskite crystal nucleates and grows , in part due to the temperature gradient in the solution and in part due to a temperature gradient in the substrate . For example , a top portion of the substrate external to the solution may be cooled .