Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Department of


Date of this Version



J. Appl. Phys. 132, 193906 (2022); doi: 10.1063/5.0120280


Used by permission.


A magnetocaloric effect (MCE) with sizable isothermal entropy change (ΔS) maintained over a broad range of temperatures above the blocking temperature is reported for a rare earth-free superparamagnetic nanoparticle system comprising of Fe–TiN heterostructure. Superparamagnetic iron (Fe) particles were embedded in a titanium nitride (TiN) thin film matrix in a TiN/Fe/TiN multilayered pattern using a pulsed laser deposition method. High angle annular dark-field images in conjunction with dispersive energy analysis, recorded using scanning transmission electron microscopy, show a clear presence of alternating layers of Fe and TiN with a distinct atomic number contrast between Fe particles and TiN. Quantitative information about the isothermal entropy change (ΔS) and the magnetocaloric effect in the multilayer Fe–TiN system has been obtained by applying Maxwell relation to the magnetization vs temperature data at various fields. With the absence of a dynamic magnetic hysteresis above the blocking temperature, the negative ΔS as high as 4.18 × 103 J/Km3 (normal or forward MCE) is obtained at 3 T at 300 K.