Modern Languages and Literatures, Department of


Date of this Version

October 1999


Published in Gayle A. Levy, REFIGURING THE MUSE (New York: Peter Lang, 1999), pp. ix-x. Copyright (c) 1999 Peter Lang Publishing.


In the study that follows, Professor Levy explores the historically grounded topos of the Muse figure as it was developed by poets in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is a movement of renewal, and one that could occur in large part because of a revolution in thinking-both poetic and social-about issues related to gender and representation. She has asked that I write a brief foreword, which I am happy to do with an observation prompted by reading her book.