Modern Languages and Literatures, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in World Literature in Spanish: An Encyclopedia. Ed. Maureen Ihrie and Salvador Oropesa. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2011. Volume 2. pages 4713-714.


Along with Gabriel Celaya and Ángela Figuera, he is one of Spain's most notable social poets of the 1950s and 1960s. Due to his fervent opposition to Francoism, he lived for periods of times in France, the USSR, China, and Cuba. His poetry shows an evolution from personal to collective concerns.