Music, School of


Date of this Version



White paper, issued 7/29/2016


Copyright (c) 2016 Peter Lefferts.

This document is one in a series---"Chronology and Itinerary of the Career of"---devoted to a small number of African American musicians active ca. 1900-1950. They are fallout from my work on a pair of essays, "US Army Black Regimental Bands and The Appointments of Their First Black Bandmasters" (2013) and "Black US Army Bands and Their Bandmasters in World War I" (2012). In all cases I have put into some kind of order a number of biographical research notes, principally drawing upon newspaper and genealogy databases. None of them is any kind of finished, polished document; all represent work in progress, complete with missing data and the occasional typographical error. I invite queries, amplifications, and corrections, which may be directed to The present document is a first draft of July 2016.


Bob Cole (1868-1911) Lyricist, librettist, composer, actor, singer, dancer, comedian; active in musical comedy and vaudeville; a contemporary of Ernest Hogan, Will Marion Cook, and the Johnson brothers. His career has been well covered, especially through the scholarly contributions of Thomas Riis (see Bibliography). As a creative figure, he worked most closely with Billy Johnson (1858-1916), and James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938), and John Rosamond Johnson (1873-1954).