National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Date of this Version



Aerosol Science and Technology 3:259-275


U.S. Government Work


Aerosol size distributions, elemental components, complex refractive indices, extinction profiles and extinctionto- backscatter ratios have been measured and inferred from balloon-borne cascade impactor and lidar observations made during a cooperative joint experiment conducted during the period 4-10 April, 1980 in Tucson, AZ. Size distributions obtained from quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) cascade impactor measurements at different heights (1 to 1000 m) and times over a period of several days were fairly similar in form, being clearly bimodal in their mass distributions with the coarse particle mode being dominant. Electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analyses of particles deposited on the QCM stages over the particle radii range ~0.5-4.0 µm revealed that the particle samples were elementally dominated by both sulfur and crustal type (Al, Ca, Mg and Si) elements. Complex refractive index estimates for a wavelength of 649 nm were obtained by comparing the lidar inferred aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratios with theoretically computed values calculated for the impactor-derived size distributions. The real part of the index was estimated to be 1.45 for most cases, while the estimates for the imaginary part ranged between 0.000 and 0.01. Aerosol extinction coefficients calculated for the impactor-derived size distributions were found to be somewhat smaller but in fair agreement with the extinctio