National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Date of this Version



Journal of Computational Physics 162, 33–81 (2000) doi:10.1006/jcph.2000.6517.


U.S. government work.


A rigorous stability estimate for arbitrary order of accuracy of spatial central difference schemes for initial boundary value problems of nonlinear symmetrizable systems of hyperbolic conservation laws was established recently by Olsson and Oliger (1994, “Energy and Maximum Norm Estimates for Nonlinear Conservation Laws,” RIACS Report, NASA Ames Research Center) and Olsson (1995, Math. Comput. 64, 212) and was applied to the two-dimensional compressible Euler equations for a perfect gas by Gerritsen and Olsson (1996, J. Comput. Phys. 129, 245) and Gerritsen (1996, “Designing an Efficient Solution Strategy for Fluid Flows, Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford). The basic building block in developing the stability estimate is a generalized energy approach based on a special splitting of the flux derivative via a convex entropy function and certain homogeneous properties. Due to some of the unique properties of the compressible Euler equations for a perfect gas, the splitting resulted in the sum of a conservative portion and a non-conservative portion of the flux derivative, hereafter referred to as the “entropy splitting.” There are several potentially desirable attributes and side benefits of the entropy splitting for the compressible Euler equations that were not fully explored in Gerritsen and Olsson. This paper has several objectives. The first is to investigate the choice of the arbitrary parameter that determines the amount of splitting and its dependence on the type of physics of current interest to computational fluid dynamics. The second is to investigate in what manner the splitting affects the nonlinear stability of the central schemes for long time integrations of unsteady flows such as in nonlinear aeroacoustics and turbulence dynamics. If numerical dissipation indeed is needed to stabilize the central scheme, can the splitting help minimize the numerical dissipation compared to its un-split cousin? Extensive numerical study on the vortex preservation capability of the splitting in conjunction with central schemes for long time integrations will be presented. The third is to study the effect of the non-conservative proportion of splitting in obtaining the correct shock location for high speed complex shock-turbulence interactions. The fourth is to determine if this method can be extended to other physical equations of state and other evolutionary equation sets. If numerical dissipation is needed, the Yee, Sandham, and Djomehri (1999, J. Comput. Phys. 150, 199) numerical dissipation is employed. The Yee et al. schemes fit in the Olsson and Oliger framework.