National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Date of this Version



Engineering Fracture Mechanics 78 (2011) 2707–2711; doi:10.1016/j.engfracmech.2011.07.001


A back-face strain (BFS) compliance relation has been developed for the standard compact C(T) specimen for a very wide range in crack-length-to-width (a/W) ratios. Both finiteelement and boundary-element methods were used to develop the BFS relation for a/W ratios from 0.2 to 0.95. In addition, experimentally determined compliance values on four metallic materials compared well with the new relation over nearly the complete a/W range. The new relation can be used to monitor crack-length-against-cycles using computerized crack-monitoring systems that are currently used with the crack-mouthopening- displacement (CMOD) gage method, and the relation has been cast in a standard form compatible with existing compliance crack length monitoring systems.