Anthropology, Department of


Date of this Version


Document Type



Nebraska Anthropologist , Volume 29: 2021, pp 5-19


©2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s AnthroGroup


This paper will be discussing the topic of gender identification in a forensic anthropology outcome. The purpose will be to see if a forensic anthropologist should determine the gender of an individual or just biological sex when talking about identifying a body. To support this argument, the following topics will be evaluated: looking at the current methods used for identifying sex of an individual, looking at reconstruction and modification practices, looking at documentation aspects in a forensic report, biological profile make up, and cultural significance. The conclusion will state that anthropologists should make a case for sex, but that gender must be kept from a report unless there is scientific evidence to report gender.