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Surface archaeological data provides a wealth of readily available and easily accessible information about past human behavior and settlement systems. It is important that survey results of suiface remains be recorded accurately and provide reliable information for interpretation of regional artifact distributions, density, and variations of the archeological record. A resurvey methodology was developed to assess the reliability of results of the Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey along the coast of southern Turkey. Analysis employed statistical quantification and an overview of factors effecting reliability of surface survey results. The resulting duplicated documents of the same suiface record at different points in time clarifies that a single inspection of a surface provides a possible unrepresentative artifact sample, particularly in plowed contexts.