Date of this Version
Journal of the American Dietetic Association 100:3 (March 2000), pp. 365-367; doi: 10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00111-5
Consumption of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) is low among certain population subgroups in the United States, especially in people living in Midwestern states and those who dislike fish. Therefore, there is a need to identify acceptable food sources of n-3 PUFA. Vegetable oils, such as canola and soy, provide some n-3 fatty acids. However, these sources are high in n-6 fatty acids and there is concern that they may have detrimental side effects. Eggs enriched in n-3 PUFA can be produced by incorporating sources of these fatty acids into poultry rations. In acceptability studies, US consumers responded positively to n-3 enriched eggs. However, Americans may be reluctant to consume eggs as a source of n-3 PUFA because of their cholesterol content.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of LNA- and DHA-enriched eggs on serum lipids of people with hyperlipidemia who were consuming a low-fat diet.