Nutrition and Health Sciences, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Physiological Measurement 38 (2017), pp 1837–1847.

doi 10.1088/1361-6579/aa8983


Copyright © 2017 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine; published by IOP Publishing. Used by permission.


Objective: To examine muscle-specific differences and the effects of fatigue and recovery on electromechanical delay (EMD) during maximal isokinetic muscle actions.

Approach: Thirteen men performed maximal isokinetic knee extension muscle actions at 60° s−1, pretest, posttest, and after 5 min of recovery from 25 maximal isokinetic knee extensions. The onsets of the electromyographic, mechanomyographic, and force signals were used to identify EMD measures from the vastus lateralis (VL), vastus medialis (VM), and rectus femoris (RF).

Main results: There were posttest increases in all EMD measures for all muscles that returned to pretest levels after 5 min of recovery. There were, however, no differences in EMD measures between the VL and VM. All EMD values from the RF were greater than the VL and VM.

Significance: These findings suggested muscle-specific differences in EMD and that excitation-contraction coupling failure and increased compliance of the series elastic component occurred posttest, but subsided after 5 min of recovery.