Date of this Version
Circulation. 2008 September 30; 118(14): 1467–1475.
Background—Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase 1 (SCD1) is a well-known enhancer of the metabolic syndrome. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of SCD1 in lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis progression.
Methods and Results—Antisense oligonucleotides were used to inhibit SCD1 in a mouse model of hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis (LDLr-/-Apob100/100). In agreement with previous reports, inhibition of SCD1 protected against diet-induced obesity, insulin resistance, and hepatic steatosis. However, unexpectedly SCD1 inhibition strongly promoted aortic atherosclerosis, which could not be reversed by dietary oleate. Further analyses revealed that SCD1 inhibition promoted accumulation of saturated fatty acids in plasma and tissues, reduced plasma triglyceride, yet had little impact on LDL cholesterol. Since dietary SFAs have been shown to promote inflammation through toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), we examined macrophage TLR4 function. Interestingly, SCD1 inhibition resulted in alterations in macrophage membrane lipid composition and marked hypersensitivity to TLR4 agonists.
Conclusions—This study demonstrates that atherosclerosis can occur independently of obesity and insulin resistance, and argues against SCD1 inhibition as a safe therapeutic target for the metabolic syndrome.