Date of this Version
Published in the Journal of Plant Registrations 2:53–55 (2008). doi: 10.3198/jpr2007.04.0197crc.
Great northern common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm line ABC-Weihing (Reg. No. GP-246, PI 647964) was developed by the University of Nebraska Agricultural Research Division in cooperation with USDA-ARS and released in 2006. This line, tested as NE1-05-4, was bred specifically for enhanced resistance to common bacterial blight (CBB), a major seed borne disease of common bean caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli (Smith) Dye (Xcp). ABC-Weihing is a great northern BC5F3:6 line obtained from five backcrosses (‘Weihing’*5//‘Chase’/XAN 159). The first cross was made in spring 1997. Only BCnF1 plants resistant to Xcp isolates Dominican Republic DR-7 and Nebraska SC4A, as determined by multiple needle leaf inoculation tests in the greenhouse, were used for successive backcrossing. In addition to phenotypic selection for CBB resistance, marker-assisted selection for the resistant QTLlinked marker SU91 was conducted in the BC1F1, BC2F1, and ABC-Weihing. When inoculated with Nebraska Xcp strains in the field, ABC-Weihing exhibited resistance in both 2005 and 2006. ABC-Weihing has Ur-3 and Ur-6 genes for resistance to common bean rust and carries the single dominant hypersensitive I gene that provides resistance to all non-necrotic strains of the Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV). ABC-Weihing has bright white seed, blooms 45 d after planting, and is a midseason bean maturing 92 d after planting.